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Let's learn copyright

1. You always need a publication permission / license

When you put photos, images or texts on your own homepage, they become visible to everyone and you need permission to publish them.
If the image or text is licensed under a Creative Commons - license that entitles the free use of the material online, the image or text can be used in accordance with the terms of the cc license.

2. Mark the author's information

If you use someone else's image or text, you must always mark author information (author's name and source from where you took the picture or text).

3. Mark where you quoted the text from

Quote the text written by someone else to the extent necessary for the purpose, when the author and source information is indicated in accordance with good practice. Due to the nature of the right of citation, it is generally used in scientific work, in connection with teaching and also when criticizing the works of others. Citing in other uses is also possible.
When quoting a work, you must always remember to mention the source of the quote, i.e. usually the name of the author and the source work.

4. Validity of copyright

Copyright is valid for the lifetime of the author and 70 years from the end of the year of his death.

5. The author may determine where his own work may be used

According to the Copyright Act, the author of a literary or artistic work has the exclusive right to determine the use of his work. The author's exclusive right covers all technical ways and methods by which the work can be copied. Copying or downloading from the web is one way to make copies of a work. Copyright law applies to all works, regardless of the method of expression and publication. For this reason, works on the Internet are protected by copyright in the same way as others, and permission is required to use them.
In some cases, the author may have given permission for the use of his freely available works on the Internet, for example under a Creative Commons license. In this case, the work may be used in accordance with the license terms.

6. You may copy for your own use

You may copy a few copies of the works for your own, private use.
Copying in schools for educational use is not private use as defined by law, so permission is required.
Copying and uploading a work to the internet is not private use, and permission is also required for that, if, for example, you want to put a picture taken or a drawing made by someone else on your own website.

7. A public website must have the necessary permission from the author for publication

When you save or copy material to your website, for example, you choose who you publish it to. When you publish material to people other than your family circle, it is no longer a matter of private use as defined by the Copyright Act.
In terms of copyright, you make a copy of the work and make it available to the public, both of which belong to the author's exclusive rights. Therefore, permission from the right holder is required for copying and publishing.
The instructions below apply to situations where you want to use and share works made by others more widely than within your own family circle, for example on the public front page of your website or to a teaching group.

8. With Kopiosto's permission, you can use and copy different works for educational purposes

If you want to copy and use works made by others, you usually need the permission of the right holder. In some situations, the use of works may be permitted under copyright law. In educational use, it is possible to copy and use works for educational institutions with permission from Kopiosto. More information about Kopiost's copying permissions from here.
The copyright holder may also have allowed a certain type of use of his work (e.g. non-commercial use) with an open license such as Creative Commons with a license.

9. Enter the author's name and link to the work

You can copy text written by someone else, for example song lyrics or a poem, on your own website, if you get permission from the copyright holder.

10. An independent and original work is considered a work - not, for example, a general food recipe

Recipes containing mere preparation instructions are generally excluded from copyright protection, as they are not independent and original works as required by the Copyright Act. Copyright does not protect the information in the recipe.
However, it should be noted that the recipe may appear, for example, in connection with a magazine article, cookbook or blog, which as a whole may be an independent and original work, and permission is required to copy it. Even in this case, the detailed ingredient information and amounts contained in the recipe itself are not protected and can be freely copied.

11. Use images with license

Pictures are, for example various drawings, photographs and cartoons.
As a general rule, you need the permission of the author of the drawing or cartoon or the Photographer, or a license that entitles you to share, so that you can copy a picture taken or made by someone else or a cartoon, for example, on your own website.
With Kopiosto's Digiluva, a teacher or student can copy images, such as photos, cartoons or drawings, and share them among their teaching group. With Kopiosto's permission, you can also digitize materials, for example, scan an image from a printed publication and share it with the teaching group, for example via the learning environment. With the permission of Kopiosto, you may not share the material you have copied and saved publicly.
You can find many images on the Internet and various image banks, the use of which has been permitted by the author with a Creative Commons license. For these, you must follow the license conditions and indicate the name of the author and the mention of which cc license the image was licensed under.

12. A funny profile picture on social media is also publishing

To use a drawing or other image made by someone else, even as a profile picture, you need the right holder's permission. If the image has been published on the internet with a cc license, which allows the image to be used as you wish, it is possible to use the image.
Cartoon characters are often also protected as trademarks, and their use is therefore restricted by regulations other than copyright.

13. Hyperlinks and embedding are allowed in videos, but recording on a website requires permission

AV materials are all moving picture like TV shows, movies, online videos such as YouTube videos.
As a general rule , you need the rights holder's permission in order to save an online video made by someone else as a file, for example on your own website. Making direct hyperlinks is allowed, so you can make a link to a YouTube video, for example. If a YouTube video or other video can be embedded with an embedding code, the person who sent the video to the service has given permission for this through the service's terms of use. That is embedding and linking to video material is completely allowed, as long as the video itself now appears to have been posted online legally.
There are many online videos on the Internet, the use of which has been allowed by the right holder with a Creative Commons license. For these, you must follow the license conditions and indicate the name of the author and the mention of which cc license the image was licensed under.

14. Showing videos in teaching requires permission from the author if the event is public - private does not

A separate permit is required to show films and videos in teaching. In order to show online videos, such as YouTube videos, in teaching, permission is generally required if there is an public event. If the teaching situation is a private event in nature (i.e. only a limited group of people known by name can get there), showing videos from the web is allowed.
However, there are several videos on the Internet, the use of which has been allowed in teaching, for example, with a Creative Commons license.
It should be noted that the material on the internet may have been downloaded online without consent of the right holder. Presentation of illegally uploaded content is not allowed.

15. Linking must be done in accordance with good practice

Hyperlinking is about clicking on a link to go directly to another internet page. Linking can be considered permitted by copyright if the linking takes place in such a way that the user clearly notices the transition to another site and the linking is otherwise done in accordance with good practice.

16. Minor modification of the work requires permission from the author

The right to modify the work is a right belonging to the exclusive right of the author. The author has the right to order his work unaltered and altered, as a translation or variation, in another genre of literature or art, or using another method.
A variation occurs, for example, when additions, limitations or other changes are made to an existing work. A variation is, for example, a new arrangement of a symphony or a condensing of a literary work, or when a book is made into a movie or a play. Making a variation usually requires the permission of the author of the original work.
However, permission is not needed if the protection period of the original work – 70 years from the end of the year of the original author's death – has expired or if the work has been published, for example, under a Creative Commons license that allows modification.

17. Making a new, different work based on another work is permitted

By freely modifying, however, you are allowed to make a new work without the consent of the original author. It should be noted that the end result must be a new independent work, which is not identifiable to the original work.

18. Stealing and borrowing ideas is allowed

Copyright does not protect the information content, ideas information content, ideas or thoughts of the work. You can use these when writing your own text or creating another work.